William Rolleston Memorial Lamp
59 King Street And Domain Avenue, Temuka
List Entry Information
List Entry Status
List Entry Type
Historic Place Category 2
Able to Visit
23rd June 1983
Extent of List Entry
The registration includes part of the land known as Legal Road, Canterbury Land District, and the structure known as William Rolleston Memorial Lamp thereon, with a buffer zone of one metre.
Legal Road, Canterbury Land District
On corner of 59 King Street and Domain Avenue, Temuka, located outside the Post Office (Former) (Register no. 2036).
Located in central Temuka on the corner of 59 King Street and Domain Avenue, the William Rolleston Memorial Lamp was erected in 1904 both as a functional light to assist citizens during the hours of darkness and, symbolically, as a guiding light in recognition of the late statesman’s work. The lamp has historical and social significance as well as aesthetic value.
English-born William Rolleston (1831-1903), an early pioneer who arrived in New Zealand in 1858, was involved in many aspects of political and community life. In Canterbury he served as secretary to the Provincial Government (from 1863) before becoming the fourth and last Superintendent of the province of Canterbury from 1868 to 1876. Subsequently, as a Minister of the Crown, he was especially known for his administration of the Crown Lands and advocacy of a national system of free education. Rolleston died at his home at Kapunatiki, north-east of Temuka, on 8 February 1903. A committee of local men formed soon after to coordinate, through community subscriptions, the erection a suitable memorial to Rolleston in Temuka. Although efforts were already being made in Christchurch for a national monument to memorialise Rolleston, local citizens felt that something should also be done in Temuka, as this was his residence and former parliamentary electorate. It was eventually decided that a memorial lamp outside the town’s post office ‘would be seen by everyone on either business or pleasure bent, and would stand to the memory of one who had done his duty in the district’. In May 1904, W F Massey, leader of the opposition, unveiled the memorial lamp, illuminated by an acetylene generator and burner, in front of a large crowd.
Standing on the corner of the footpath outside the former Post Office building the memorial takes the form of a lamp post. It has a bluestone base, with pedestal and shaft of polished red granite surmounted by a globe lightbulb. An inscription on the outer facing (east) side of the pedestal reads ‘THIS LAMP WAS ERECTED IN MEMORY OF WILLIAM ROLLESTON BY HIS FRIENDS IN THIS DISTRICT, TO RECORD THEIR APPRECIATION OF HIS HIGH CHARACTER AND THE SINGLENESS OF PURPOSE WITH WHICH HE DEVOTED HIS LIFE TO THE SERVICE OF HIS ADOPTED COUNTRY’. On the north side is the briefer inscription, ‘AT EVENING TIDE IT SHALL BE LIGHT’. On the west (post-office facing) side of the pedestal is an inscription, ‘TO COMMEMORATE THE COMMENCEMENT OF THE TEMUKA TOWN CENTRE ENHANCEMENT PROJECT UNVEILED BY HER EXCELLENCY DAME CATHERINE TIZARD G.C.M.G. D.B.E. GOVERNOR GENERAL OF NEW ZEALAND 4TH NOVEMBER 1993’.
Minor modifications were made to the lamp within a few years of its unveiling. In 1906 piped gas was introduced, which required some modification of the lamp structure and resulted in brighter illumination. In 1909 the structure was repaired following damage caused by a motor car. In 1925 electric lighting was introduced to the borough and the gas fitting was removed from the column. It may have been at this time that the globe shaped bulb on an extended stand replaced the earlier lantern. In 1993 an inscription was added on the west side of the pedestal to acknowledge a town centre enhancement project.
car crash damage repairs
gas removed, lamp electrified
inscription added on west side of pedestal
23rd February 2018
Report Written By
Dictionary of New Zealand Biography
Dictionary of New Zealand Biography
W. J. Gardner. 'Rolleston, William', Dictionary of New Zealand Biography, first published in 1990.
Te Ara - The Encyclopedia of New Zealand
Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand
Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, https://teara.govt.nz/en/biographies/1r17/rolleston-william (accessed 22 February 2018)
Please note that entry on the New Zealand Heritage List/Rarangi Korero identifies only the heritage values of the property concerned, and should not be construed as advice on the state of the property, or as a comment of its soundness or safety, including in regard to earthquake risk, safety in the event of fire, or insanitary conditions.
A fully referenced upgrade report is available on request from the Southern Regional Office of Heritage New Zealand