St Patrick's Catholic Church
7 Hertford Street And Merioneth Street, Arrowtown
List Entry Information
List Entry Status
List Entry Type
Historic Place Category 2
Private/No Public Access
24th November 1983
Extent of List Entry
The extent includes part of the land described as Lot 2 DP 17118 (CT OT8D/251), Otago Land District, and the building known as St Patrick's Catholic Church thereon.
Lot 2 DP 17118 (CT OT8D/251), Otago Land District
St Patrick’s Catholic Church, built between 1873 and 1902 on a landmark corner site, has been the focus of Catholic worship and education in Arrowtown since its inception. It is a fine example of architect F.W. Burwell’s ecclesiastical architecture and has a significant association with Australasia’s first saint, Mary of the Cross MacKillop.
The history of the Catholic community in Arrowtown reaches back to the discovery of gold on the Arrow River in 1862. The first Catholic priests, Father Moreau and Father Martin, took it in turns to visit the isolated mining settlements. After Invercargill parish was separated from Queenstown in 1873, the care of the around 650 Catholics was entrusted to Father John Mackay. On 26 July 1873, miner John Healy gave a three-quarter acre section to the Bishop of Dunedin as a site for the church.
Prominent architect F.W. Burwell designed the church in a Gothic style with a narrow spire and a fine rose window. Built of local stone with contrasting cement facings, St Patrick’s is set on a generous corner section above Arrowtown’s main street. Alongside the church sits Mary MacKillop’s cottage, a small stone building that provided a home for the sisters, and later for the priest when he stayed overnight in Arrowtown. In 1880, the church bought the section next to St Patrick’s, complete with stone cottage. The cottage, over the years, served as a home, refectory, classroom and garage. The church served as a classroom for the school during the week. In 1882, the church was renovated and enlarged. A new sanctuary (16 feet by 15 feet) was added, and a stained glass window at the back of the altar. In February 1883, the Bishop ‘canonically erected’ the Stations of the Cross. By 1886, a strong parish had developed - the buildings reflecting the strength of the community - the parish had spent £2,370 on the church and grounds, priest’s residence and site for a convent. The sacristy was added in 1902.
In 1897, the Sisters of St Joseph of the Sacred Heart, led by assistant Mother General (and founding sister) Mary MacKillop, arrived in Arrowtown. MacKillop was born in Melbourne of Scottish parents and spent her life providing education to and ministering to the needs of Australia and New Zealand’s poor and working class. She founded the order in Penola, South Australia in 1866. By 1891, it had 300 sisters working in nine dioceses in Australia and New Zealand. MacKillop has been known as Saint Mary of the Cross MacKillop since her canonisation in 2010. Although MacKillop herself was only in Arrowtown for a short time, her biographer Paul Gardiner writes that ‘[n]o place typifies the spirit of Mary MacKillop and the early Josephites better than Arrowtown – by Australian standards it is far “beyond the black stump”, by the standards of the rest of mankind it is on the edge of the earth but it was not too humble, cold or remote for the sisters to go there to bring the knowledge and love of God to little children.’
By the 1940s, the Arrowtown Catholic school roll was falling, and the convent closed, ending the relationship between the Sisters of St Joseph and the Arrowtown parishioners. In 2014, St Patrick’s Catholic Church remains the heart of Arrowtown’s Catholic community and attracts visitors interested in the life of Australasia’s first saint.
Burwell, F. W.
F.W. Burwell (1846-1915) is noted for designing many buildings in Invercargill, transforming the centre of the town between 1874 and the mid-1880s. Born in Scotland, Burwell served his articles with the architect John Matthews and immigrated to New Zealand in the late 1860s. By 1873, he had established his practice in Queenstown. He moved to Invercargill the following year. Once established there, he began designing elegant two and three-storey buildings in the Renaissance style. He designed almost all the buildings in Dee Street, including the hospital. 'The Crescent' was another notable Invercargill streetscape created by Burwell. In recognition of his work, he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Institute of British Architects in 1880. The depression in the 1880s saw his commissions decline and he moved to Australia in 1887 where he practised in Melbourne, Perth and then Fremantle. He was particularly successful in the last, as Western Australia was in the middle of a building boom, and a number of his commercial buildings in central Fremantle are now classified by the Australian Heritage Commission. Burwell returned to Melbourne in 1910, and died there five years later. (Jonathan Mane-Wheoki, 'Burwell, Frederick William (1846-1915)' in Jane Thomson (ed.), Southern People: a dictionary of Otago Southland biography, Dunedin, 1998, p. 74.)
In 1873, the Otago Witness described Peter Walker as a Queenstown contractor. Walker worked with Burwell on Bendix Hallenstein’s residence at Thurlby Domain (Register No. 2240), and St John’s Presbyterian Church at Arrowtown (Register No. 2119), and possibly other projects.
(Source: Information Upgrade Report, Heather Bauchop, Mar 2014)
10th March 2014
Report Written By
F.W.G Miller, Golden Days of Lake County, 5th edn, Christchurch, 1973
New Zealand Tablet
New Zealand Tablet
Catholic Church in the Wakatipu
Catholic Church in the Wakatipu, Tablet Print, Dunedin, 1963.
Paul Gardiner, Mary MacKillop: An extraordinary Australian, E.J.Dwyer (Australia) Pty Ltd, Alexandria, 1994
A fully referenced upgrade report is available on request from the Southern Regioanl office of the NZHPT.
Please note that entry on the New Zealand Heritage List/Rarangi Korero identifies only the heritage values of the property concerned, and should not be construed as advice on the state of the property, or as a comment of its soundness or safety, including in regard to earthquake risk, safety in the event of fire, or insanitary conditions.