9125 Eton Street (State Highway 87), Hyde
List Entry Information
List Entry Status
List Entry Type
Historic Place Category 2
Private/No Public Access
10th September 2004
Extent of List Entry
Registration Includes: Part of the land in CT OT28/69 and the school building, its fixtures and fittings, thereon. The registration applies only to the original 1879 building and the 1894 addition (See Plan A in Appendix 4 of the registration report).
Secs 5 to 7 Blk II Town of Hyde, being part of CT OT28/69, Otago Land District
The former Hyde School was built in 1879 and continued to serve the educational needs of its community for 120 years. The now tiny settlement of Hyde was founded during the gold rushes of the early 1860s. Miners poured into the district, and a thriving town developed to cater for their needs. Once the rush was over some of the miners remained in the district to take up farming and other businesses. Hyde's first schools were short-lived private institutions, but none lasted long. Finally, in 1869, an official public school opened in the Union Church building. Seymour Saunders, the first teacher, had a class of 22 children.
Eventually the school committee decided that the school needed better accommodation than the small iron church - "cold as an icicle in the winter, sweltering hot in the summer" - and in 1879 contracted Palmerston builder Robert Highet to erect a schoolroom. The simple wooden school was built on a site which had been granted to the Provincial Government by the Crown in 1876 for educational purposes. With the abolition of provincial government and the passing of the Education Act of 1877, the land became the property of the Education Board of the district of Otago.
The school continued to grow, and by 1893 eighty children crowded into its one room. This prompted the addition of a second classroom, forming a north wing to the original building. Local carpenters John Mackie and William Wright built the new wing in 1894 at a price of ₤191. Both the original building and the 1893 addition are likely to have been designed by John Somerville, the then Otago Education Board's architect. Both sections are of very simple but functional design.
Although the school never grew beyond these two classrooms, various amenities were added in the twentieth century. In 1956 an ablution block was added, a welcome replacement to the old long-drops behind the school. Sports grounds were improved over the years and in 1969 the centennial celebrations included the opening of a swimming pool. A new teacher's residence and garage were built in 1960, a new staff room relocated from Patearoa in 1976 and for some years a re-locatable staff flat added to the school complex.
Through all these changes, the two nineteenth-century classrooms remained the core of the school. In addition to minor renovations, these underwent some larger changes in the 1970s and 1980s, with replacement of the windows and relining of the interiors. The old potbelly stoves were also replaced with multi-fuel burners and electric heating. The last major change to the building came in 1996, when the timber exterior was re-clad with roughcast plaster.
In addition to schooling, the building has been used for various community activities over the years. In 1994, for example, it was a venue for a playgroup, Plunket meetings, and clinics for the Doctor and Public Health Nurse. As the school-age population of Hyde declined in the late twentieth century and government education policies changed, keeping the school going became increasingly difficult, despite much community support. Hyde School finally closed at the end of 1999, with just four pupils in its final year.
The former Hyde School stands as a representative example of an institution of great importance in New Zealand history - the country primary school. Many New Zealand children were educated in such classrooms, which also served as centres of small and remote communities throughout the land.
Historical Significance or Value
The former Hyde School is a building of architectural and historical significance. It is an example of a type of building becoming increasingly rare in New Zealand - the small rural school. The history of the development of rural communities, from the hey-day of the gold mining period, through subsequent booms and slow decline, with parallel expansion and contraction of services tells an important story. Schools are a vital component of these communities, and the centre for the lives of the residents.
The former Hyde School is representative of the significance of education in the history of New Zealand's rural communities, and a building/institution held in esteem by the local community. The school of this fairly remote area created an important focus for the community for a period of 120 years. Declining population and changing government policy finally forced its closure. It stands as a good example of a small nineteenth-century primary school.
The original portion of the school is a large single rectangular-plan classroom. The room has been partitioned to create a small corridor at the northern end. The north wing, added in 1894, contains a second classroom. Its floor area is smaller than the original room. It has a higher and more steeply pitched roof. The two wings meet to form a T-shape.
The gable end of the north wing, facing the road, has a large multi-paned window. The window at the southern end of the south wing is also multi-paned. Older photographs show that the majority of the windows were originally 12-light double-hung sash windows, but some have been replaced with aluminium frames.
Each of the classrooms has a door leading to the exterior, and another leading into the corridor. The school bell has been removed, but its bracket remains in a prominent position next to the main door, which opens into the corridor between the classrooms. At the back of the building an ablution block forms a small separate wing. To the rear of the north wing sits a small prefabricated building which was used as a staff room.
The interiors are in part wood-panelled. There is a multi-fuel burner in the southern classroom, but the burner and flue have been removed from the northern classroom (the concrete hearth remains in place).
New teacher's residence and garage.
Addition of swimming pool.
Addition of staff room.
Addition of north wing.
1955 - 1956
Addition of ablution block.
The School is built of weatherboard. The exterior has been plastered. The roof is iron.
7th October 2004
Report Written By
Hyde School Jubilee 125 Years 1869-1994, 1994
Janet. C. Cowan, Down the Years in the Maniototo: A Survey of the Early History of Maniototo County and Naseby Borough, Otago Centennial Historical Publications, Whitcombe and Tombs, Dunedin, 1948
Hocken Library, University of Otago, Dunedin
Contract and Building Specifications for Hyde School, Otago Education Board Archives, AG-294-40/6, Hyde School records.
Hardwicke Knight and Niel Wales, Buildings of Dunedin: An Illustrated Architectural Guide to New Zealand's Victorian City, John McIndoe, Dunedin, 1988
A fully referenced registration report is available from the NZHPT Otago/Southland Area office
Please note that entry on the New Zealand Heritage List/Rarangi Korero identifies only the heritage values of the property concerned, and should not be construed as advice on the state of the property, or as a comment of its soundness or safety, including in regard to earthquake risk, safety in the event of fire, or insanitary conditions.