Post Office (Former)

2 Stout Street And 66 Plimmer Terrace (State Highway 57), Shannon

  • Post Office (Former). Image courtesy of www.flickr.com.
    Copyright: Mike Burke. Taken By: Mike Burke. Date: 22/07/2003.
  • Post Office (Former). Image courtesy of www.flickr.com.
    Copyright: PhilBee NZ (Phil Braithwaite). Taken By: PhilBee NZ (Phil Braithwaite). Date: 4/07/2012.
  • Post Office (Former). Building detail. Image courtesy of www.flickr.com.
    Copyright: PhilBee NZ (Phil Braithwaite). Taken By: PhilBee NZ (Phil Braithwaite). Date: 4/07/2012.

List Entry Information

List Entry Status Listed List Entry Type Historic Place Category 2 Public Access Private/No Public Access
List Number 4068 Date Entered 2nd July 1982

Locationopen/close

Extent of List Entry

Extent includes the land described as Lot 1 DP 66855 (CT WN40A/206), Wellington Land District, and the building known as Post Office (Former) thereon.

City/District Council

Horowhenua District

Region

Horizons (Manawatu-Wanganui) Region

Legal description

Lot 1 DP 66855 (CT WN40A/206), Wellington Land District

Summaryopen/close

Built in 1911, Shannon’s former Post Office, on the corner of Stout Street and Plimmer Terrace, continued to operate as the area’s postal and telecommunications office until 1992. The Post Office is of historical, social and architectural significance. The building represents the Edwardian baroque architecture of Government Architect John Campbell’s (1857-1942) post offices built by the Public Works Department during the national post office building boom in the early twentieth century. Its history is interwoven with that of the town’s and it was an important centre of communication for the Shannon community for over 80 years.

The growth of Shannon from its founding in 1887 depended on the provision of good postal and telecommunication facilities. The first post office opened in 1887 and was run by part time postmaster George Grey, a shopkeeper who ran the post office from his store. A second permanent post office combined with residence was erected in 1898 at the expense of Octavius Louis Harrison, the postmaster until 1909. Throughout the first decade of the twentieth century Shannon experienced a great population growth due to increasing railway traffic as the main trunk line came closer. It is recorded that in 1900, 25,300 letters were sent from Shannon’s post office, rising to 103,820 in 1910. The surge led to the urgent need of a new postal and telecommunication office, as the existing post office was described as being in an insanitary condition. Shannon’s third post office was opened on the 29 November 1911 by Sir Joseph Ward (1856-1930), New Zealand’s seventeenth Premier, with new postmaster J.T. Martin.

The post office was designed by the Public Works Department under Government Architect John Campbell’s aegis and built by W. Pringle, as part of the national post office boom during the early nineteenth century. Campbell’s post offices were designed in the same range of architectural styles that he used for other government buildings, with predominance in Edwardian baroque. The building was built to the standard style 1QW: a single storey post office and postmaster’s residence made from rimu, matai, and totara, with an iron roof topped by a flagpole. Shannon’s variation had a three-bay masonry façade fronting the main entrance; this was decorated with plaster mouldings of garlands of fruit and foliage. A roman arch with exaggerated keystones led onto a porch at the post office’s entrance; the arch was flanked by two sash windows. The office portion of the building comprised a public office, a telephone bureau room, a mail room, a telephone room, a postmaster’s room, a strong-room, a lobby for private boxes, and a store room. The postmaster’s residence had a private entrance on the side and comprised a sitting room, four bedrooms, a bathroom, a kitchen, a scullery, and a pantry.

The Post Office has been renovated throughout its years of operation. In 1986, alterations included a skylight and conservatory-like extension on the northern elevation, as well as several changes to the interior and maintenance to the exterior. The post office closed and was sold in 1992 after the land had been subdivided to provide a separate land title for the telephone exchange building at the rear of the site. The building is currently (2016) used as Shannon’s health centre, occupied by Te Waiora Community Health Services Clinic.

Linksopen/close

Construction Professionalsopen/close

Campbell, John

Queenstown builder

W. Pringle

No biography is currently available for this construction professional

Additional informationopen/close

Construction Dates

Refurbishment/renovation
1961 -

Original Construction
1962 -
Acoustics Booth installed

Refurbishment/renovation
1969 -
Removal of a redundant shed out back, demolishing of redundant chimney from old exchange, replacement of decaying timber, electrical work, and interior work.

Refurbishment/renovation
1975 -
Renovations – Fixing of roof

Modification
1986 -
Alterations – addition of skylight and conservatory-like extension; maintenance to exterior

Original Construction
1911 -

Completion Date

23rd September 2016

Report Written By

Nicola Bowden

Information Sources

Law, 1987

Marjorie D. Law, From bush & swamp: the centenary of Shannon, 1887-1897, Palmerston North, 1987

Richardson, 1988

Peter Richardson, 'An Architecture of Empire: The Government Buildings of John Campbell in New Zealand', MA Thesis, University of Canterbury, 1988

Clulee, 2009

I, Clulee, Post Office Buildings in the Lower North Island, Auckland, 2009

Other Information

Please note that entry on the New Zealand Heritage List/Rarangi Korero identifies only the heritage values of the property concerned, and should not be construed as advice on the state of the property, or as a comment of its soundness or safety, including in regard to earthquake risk, safety in the event of fire, or insanitary conditions.

A fully referenced upgrade report is available on request from the Central Region Office of Heritage New Zealand.