Fitting Shop (Smithy or Purifier House)

Dunedin Gasworks, Andersons Bay Road, Dunedin

  • Fitting Shop (Smithy or Purifier House).
    Copyright: Southern Heritage Trust.
  • .
    Copyright: Southern Heritage Trust.
  • .
    Copyright: Southern Heritage Trust.

List Entry Information

List Entry Status Registered List Entry Type Historic Place Category 1
List Number 4401 Date Entered 24th March 1988

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City/District Council

Dunedin City

Region

Otago Region

Legal description

Lot 6 DP 21969

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The Dunedin Gasworks was the first gasworks in the country to produce gas, opening in 1863. It was owned initially by the Dunedin Gaslight and Coke Company, operating under its manager and engineer, Stephen Stamp Hutchinson. After agitation from the customers, the works were bought by the Dunedin City Corporation in 1876 and have been run as the city gasworks ever since. Hutchinson did build a rival gasworks at Caversham and had a contract to supply Caversham, Mornington, Roslyn and Maori Hill. This contract expired in 1907 and the city took over the Caversham works which have now been demolished. It was on the advice of the gasworks manager, H B Courtis, that a carburetted water-gas plant was bought at the cost of 11,000 pounds in 1899 to supplement the usual production methods.

Presumably the building was constructed about 1900 to house this new plant. It was not in existence when a photograph of its site was taken in 1898 and in the newspaper report of 1 April 1903, the water gas plant is described as about two years old. The central part of the building, which was destroyed by the explosion on 31 March 1903, had housed the purifiers and had open archways. The two end rooms were the exhauster room (south end) and the meter room (north end). The explosion threw concrete, bricks, pieces of wood, glass and slates over the gasworks yard and blew out the windows of the houses on Braemar Street immediately behind the purifier. One of the small cottages on Braemar Street was shifted on its foundations.

Architectural Significance:

A early example of this type of industrial brick building in New Zealand.

Townscape/landmark significance:

This building is well inside the gasworks complex and not visible from the street.

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Notable Features

Its age and position in an early industrial complex.

Construction Details

The walls are triple brick and the roof covered with slates in alternate bands of grey square and buff fish tail slates. There is a line of ornate orange tiles along the ridge line. The building is about 29 metres long and 8 metres wide, with cross gables at both ends. The long middle section has seven round headed arches which are now filled with concrete blocks and simple windows and two small doors. The bays at each end have pointed gables and arched doors. The western gable houses a smithy with an old forge and anvil on a dirt floor. There are two narrow arched windows on each side of the door in each bay. The windows are topped by sunbursts in plain glass. There is a decorative frieze of terracotta tiles round the building similar to the one around the middle gable of the exhauster house and on the interior wall of the boilerhouse. Along the back wall there were arched windows and two doors similar to the ones along the front. There are bevelled concrete mouldings around the doors and windows.

McDonald, 1965

K C McDonald, City of Dunedin: A Century of Civic Enterprise, Dunedin City Corporation, Dunedin, 1965

Otago Daily Times

Otago Daily Times

1/4/1903

Otago Witness

Otago Witness

8/4/1903

This historic place was registered under the Historic Places Act 1980. The report includes the text from the original Building Classification Committee report considered by the NZHPT Board at the time of registration.