Golden Bay

  • Midden.
    Copyright: NZ Historic Places Trust.

List Entry Information

List Entry Status Listed List Entry Type Historic Place Category 2 Public Access Private/No Public Access
List Number 5729 Date Entered 26th April 1984


Extent of List Entry

Extent includes part of the land described Sec 1A Sec 108 Takaka District (NZ Gazette 1994, p. 2589), Nelson Land District and the archaeological site M25/12 (refer to the map in the Archaeological Site Land Title Form for more information).

City/District Council

Tasman District


Tasman Region

Legal description

Sec 1A Sec 108 Takaka District (NZ Gazette 1994, p. 2589), Nelson Land District


Setting: Sited at the head of a spit separating the estuary of the Parapara River from the open sea (Cloudy Bay).

Archaeological Features: An area of garden soils and shell middens.

Supporting Evidence: An investigation by McFadgen and Challis in 1977 identified two areas of garden soils with numerous shell middens. One of the areas of garden soil and 8 of the shell middens were dated by stratigraphic association: comparing the strata with similar geological formations elsewhere in New Zealand. By this method two periods of occupation were deduced; the first in the time bracket 700-400 years before present and the second in the bracket 300-150 years before present. A change in the subsistence economy of the inhabitants of the site between the two phases of occupation was also deduced: garden soil associated with the earlier phase of occupation but not found in the later deposits, contrasted by shell midden associated with certainty only to the later phase.

Assessment: The site was assessed by McFadgen & Challis as representing a rare example of an occupational sequence over a significant time span, in which there is evidence of a fundamental change in the subsistence economy. It is rare to find such a site in which there has been little previous disturbance and it is therefore of the utmost importance that it be protected for future research and improved understanding.


Additional informationopen/close

Construction Dates

Public NZAA Number


Completion Date

21st April 1982

Report Written By

B. Sheppard

Information Sources

New Zealand Historic Places Trust (NZHPT)

New Zealand Historic Places Trust

McFadgen & Challis, Report to NZHPT Archaeology Committee on archaeological remains at Parapara Spit, (HP222/1977)

New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics

New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics

B. McFadgen, A. Challis, 'Late Holocerne geology and archaeology of Parapara Spit', 1978, vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 141-145

Other Information

Information in this report is from the citation prepared for the NZHPT Archaeology Committee at the time of the registration.

Please note that entry on the New Zealand Heritage List/Rarangi Korero identifies only the heritage values of the property concerned, and should not be construed as advice on the state of the property, or as a comment of its soundness or safety, including in regard to earthquake risk, safety in the event of fire, or insanitary conditions.