Te Ika-a-maru Pa
List Entry Information
List Entry Status
List Entry Type
Historic Place Category 2
Private/No Public Access
27th July 1984
Extent of List Entry
Extent includes the archaeological site known as Te Ika-a-maru Pa (Q27/27) and part of the land described as Sec 18 Terawhiti District (CT WN 303556), Wellington Land District (refer to the Archaeological Site Land Title Form for further information).
Sec 18 Terawhiti District (CT WN 303556), Wellington Land District
Setting: Terraced pa site on lower slopes of north-facing spur, above beach at east side of Te Ika-a Maru Bay, between ‘Homestead Gully’ and ‘Sheep Gully’; west Wellington.
Archaeological Features: A prominent terraced pa site, established on a spur end, with ditch and bank defence and midden.
Supporting Evidence: Site was mapped by Wellington Archaeological Society in 1962-1963 (Davidson 1976). It is thought that the name of this pa is Te Ika-a-maru, (from last century use of name in records made in 1844 and 1879 by William Spain and Charles Heaphy - cited by Davidson 1976, p. 24, and by the position marked by Best et al, 1916) and the use of the name later became extended to apply to the whole bay (Adkin 1959, pp. 23-24). A settlement in Te Ika-a-maru Bay seen in 1844 and 1879, was occupied by members of Te Ati Awa tribe, and it is assumed that possibly the pa was developed during their occupation (Davidson 1976, p. 24). It could also be of earlier construction (Ngati Ira?), either reoccupied by the Ati Awa people, or not used by them at all. Ati Awa settlement is said to have preferred ‘stockaded flat land pa’ (Daniels 1965, p.98).
Condition of Site: Some natural and stock induced erosion present.
Assessment: A good example of a well-terraced spur end pa site. It is one of the few clearly visible terraced pa sites remaining in the Wellington area.
Historical and associated iwi/hapu/whanau
Te Atiawa (Wellington)
Public NZAA Number
28th January 1983
Report Written By
I W Keyes
GL Adkin, 'The Great Harbour of Tara', Wellington, 1959
New Zealand Archaeological Association (NZAA)
New Zealand Archaeological Association
J. Daniels, 'Site Types and their Distribution in the Wellington Area', NZAA Newsletter, 1965, Vol. 8, No. 3, pp. 94-103; J. Davidson, 'Survey and Excavations at Te Ika-A-Maru Bay, Wellington, 1962-1963', NZAA Newsletter, 1976, Vol. 19, No. 1, pp. 4-26
E. Best, H. McLeod, H. Mason, 'Map of Wellington County District Showing Native Names', 1916, NZ Department of Lands and Survey
Information in this report is from the citation prepared for the NZHPT Archaeology Committee at the time of the registration.
Please note that entry on the New Zealand Heritage List/Rarangi Korero identifies only the heritage values of the property concerned, and should not be construed as advice on the state of the property, or as a comment of its soundness or safety, including in regard to earthquake risk, safety in the event of fire, or insanitary conditions.