Harbour Historic Area

Quay St, Auckland

  • Harbour Historic Area. Ferry Building July 2015. Image courtesy of www.jontynz.com.
    Copyright: Jonty Crane . Taken By: Jonty Crane .
  • Harbour Historic Area, Auckland. Queens Wharf Gates and Fence. CC Licence 4.0 foodieling.com.
    Copyright: foodieling.com. Taken By: Foodie Ling. Date: 16/02/2016.
  • Harbour Historic Area, Auckland. First World War Memorial Beacon.
    Copyright: Heritage New Zealand. Taken By: Martin Jones. Date: 29/10/2013.
  • Harbour Historic Area, Auckland. Wharf Pavilions (Two Buildings) .
    Copyright: Heritage New Zealand. Taken By: Martin Jones. Date: 24/11/2009.

List Entry Information

List Entry Status Listed List Entry Type Historic Area Public Access Able to Visit
List Number 7158 Date Entered 16th December 1994

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Extent of List Entry

This area is comprised of buildings and structures constructed for the Auckland Harbour Board following the Hamer Plan of 1904.

City/District Council

Auckland Council (Auckland City Council)

Region

Auckland Council

Location description

The Port Building was demolished in the 1990s.

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GENERAL DESCRIPTION:

After the formation of the Auckland Harbour Board in 1871, planned improvements to the Auckland waterfront included a new Queen St wharf, reclamation, and a graving dock. Reclamation was begun by the Government in 1879. In 1886 when it was completed, the area of Quay St formed a wide dock running from Breakwater Rd (Britomart Pl) past Queen St to the Harbour Board offices. Once Custom St and Quay St had been reclaimed, a flat area of water frontage became available on which to build wharfs, jetties and carry out other harbour works.

On June 29, 1904 engineer W.H. Hamer submitted a report to the Harbour Board. The plan recommended the construction of a series of wharfs to be built from the Quay St front and involved the reclamation of large areas of land. The wharfs were standardised, being constructed of reinforced concrete, and they had sheds on either side of the roadway with provision made on the Quay sides for railways.

The Queen St wharf was the first to be undertaken in the scheme and was in use by 1911 with the Ferry Building being opened the following year. In 1914 the Board began the reclamation of Quay St to the west of the Ferry Building, filling in the Auckland Graving Dock. Construction of landings, steps and shelter sheds was also begun. Despite difficulties caused by the outbreak of war and the 1915 strike which caused work to come to a complete standstill (28 Oct - 8 Nov), the largest of the remaining works were completed.

The Hamer plan development culminated in the opening of Princes Wharf on the 12 May 1924 by the Governor General Viscount Jellicoe. The opening also marked W.H. Hamer's retirement as Harbour Board engineer. The Hamer Plan increased shipping berthage and storage accommodation as is found in the monolithic structures of Princes and Queens Wharfs.

The use of rail along Quay St has also played an important part in the area history. One of the few areas in the world to have goods trains travelling in the same street as vehicular traffic, the proposal to connect Princes Wharf to the rail system caused public controversy over the dangerous and unnecessary length of the rail link. The train tracks were all removed from Quay St in 1988.

Assessment criteriaopen/close

Historical Significance or Value

Historical:

This area has important historic associations with the development of Auckland's harbour and commercial centre at the turn of the century. The wharf, ferry terminal and railway links demonstrate the port's major role in early twentieth Century transportation, communication and trade.

Architectural:

The 1904 Plan by engineer W.H. Hamer was very influential in shaping the look of the Auckland waterfront. The development proposal was adhered to and systematically carved out by the Auckland Harbour Board up to the present day. Significant buildings in the Harbour area are the ornate Edwardian baroque Ferry Building and the wharf sheds with their classically detailed waterfront facades.

Archaeological:

Much of the port development is on reclaimed land and is therefore of archaeological significance.

Aesthetic:

The Hamer Plan was singly influential in shaping the present waterfront. From it have emerged several important structures which give the area a seatown air. Rhythmic repetition of the wharf gates lead the people down Quay St past vistas framed by the Ferry Building and augmented by launch landings to areas where the Quay crosses the sea. Along this length small scale boating operations are bought into close proximity with the city.

CONCLUSION

The 1904 Hamer Plan shaped how the Auckland Harbour Board Area appears today. The area is historically significant in terms of the city's development and, at the same time, its variety of structures have aesthetic appeal.

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Physical Description

Notes from the NZHPT Register Database (not included in the registration report): Buildings & structures in Auckland harbour area. Extends along harbour side of Quay St, from Marsden Wharf to harbour basin. Includes eastern ferry tee; Ferry building; Quay St landings; Eastern & Western public shelters; wharf gates & fences; Princes wharf; western viaduct; Launchmans building; Port building; harbour board workshops.

Construction Dates

Completion Date

28th November 1992

Report Written By

NZHPT

Other Information

This area is comprised of buildings and structures constructed for the Auckland Harbour Board following the Hamer Plan of 1904.

A copy of the original report is available from the NZHPT Northern region office.

Please note that entry on the New Zealand Heritage List/Rarangi Korero identifies only the heritage values of the property concerned, and should not be construed as advice on the state of the property, or as a comment of its soundness or safety, including in regard to earthquake risk, safety in the event of fire, or insanitary conditions.

Historic Area Place Name

Auckland Harbour Board Workshops (Former)
Eastern Ferry Tee - Queens Wharf
Ferry Building
Launch Offices
Port Building [Demolished]
Princes Wharf
Quay St Landings
Western Viaduct
Wharf Gates & Fences
Wharf Pavilions (Two Buildings)