Scott's Ferry Site

Parewanui Road, Port Of Rangitikei, Parewanui

  • Scott's Ferry Site.
    Copyright: NZ Historic Places Trust. Taken By: Helen McCracken. Date: 23/01/2002.

List Entry Information

List Entry Status Listed List Entry Type Historic Place Category 1 Public Access Able to Visit
List Number 7421 Date Entered 17th April 1998

Locationopen/close

Extent of List Entry

Extent includes part of the land described as Pt Lot 2 DP 7133 (NZ Gazette 1975 p.1334), and part of Sec 457 Rangitikei District (NZ Gazette 1975 p.1624), Wellington Land District, and the structure associated with Scott’s Ferry Site thereon. Refer to the extent map tabled at the Heritage New Zealand Board meeting on 25 June 2015.

City/District Council

Rangitikei District

Region

Horizons (Manawatu-Wanganui) Region

Legal description

Pt Lot 2 DP 7133 (NZ Gazette 1975 p.1334), Sec 457 Rangitikei District (NZ Gazette 1975 p.1624), Wellington Land District

Summaryopen/close

Scott's Ferry Site, with its restored barge, is a rare reminder of the importance ferries played in New Zealand in the days before bridges were common. Prior to the introduction of a coach service in the 1870s, the main route from Wellington north to Wanganui and beyond was around the coastline. It appears that by 1843 a ferry service had been established at Parewanui to take people across the mouth of the Rangitikei River. In 1850 Thomas Scott took on the duties of ferryman. Scott also established a trading post and accommodation house at Parewanui. He entered into agreements with local Maori, trading wheat, Indian corn and pigs. The popularity of Parewanui increased as more and more Pakeha settlers moved up the coast with their stock to take up their land in the Wanganui region and beyond. In addition, between 1850 and 1897 the nearby Port of Rangitikei (at the mouth of the river) became an important conduit for the region's produce.

When the Manawatu and Rangitikei county councils were established they took over the ferry service, continuing to employ Scott as the ferryman. Scott died in January 1892 and his widow, Charlotte, and her son took over the service. In April 1897 a large flood tore the banks of the river, destroying all bridges in its path and changing the course of the Rangitikei. The port was destroyed and the ferry site washed away. The ferry was eventually restored with government assistance. With the development of alternative forms of transport, including the North Island main trunk railway line (finished 1908), the need to maintain the ferry as a major transport link declined and, despite opposition from local settlers, it was closed in 1907. In 1908 the barge was sold to the Featherstone family at Parikino. The new owners used the barge to transfer stock across the Whanganui River. In the 1970s the barge was taken down the Whanganui River for an intended maritime museum. The museum never eventuated and the barge gradually sank into the mud of the riverbank. In 1989 the barge was raised and sited near the original Scott's Ferry site, and members of the local community undertook its restoration as a 1990 sesquicentennial project.

Today, Scott's Ferry Site is a rare memorial to a form of transport that was common in New Zealand in the nineteenth century. It is also associated with Thomas Scott, a notable figure in the history of the Rangitikei region.

Assessment criteriaopen/close

Historical Significance or Value

River Ferries crossed the Rangitikei river from 1843. The importance of this one, which served the strategically important coastal route north of Wellington, grew after Thomas Scott took it over in 1849 and ran it in conjunction with his other business activities. After he died in 1892, the Scott family continued to conduct the service. The ferry carried mail, passengers, soldiers and freight until Easter 1897 when a flood swept down the Rangitikei River, totally destroying the ferry site and the Port of Rangitikei. The ferry was reinstated in approximately the same position and operated until it was sold in 1908. The ferry then served on the Whanganui River where it sank in 1975. The craft was salvaged in 1990, restored and put on public display at the site of Scott's Ferry as a very rare example of a 19th century river ferry.

a) The extent to which th eplace reflects important or representative aspects of New Zealand history.

River ferries were once numerous; they were of critical importance to transport and communications until communities could afford to build permanent bridges. Their history has been documented poorly in all but Otago / Southland, where the Tuapeka Mouth twin-pontoon ferry still operates and where a monograph on the ferries was published in 1995. Scott's Ferry did not trade for as long as the Tuapeka Mouth craft but its many years of service there and on the Whanganui River were nevertheless significant. The preservation of the ferry itself is very rare and makes this combination of land, water and vessel exceptional. The life of Thomas Scott, the principal operator, has been well recorded in secondary literature and features in both the 1940 and the 1990 national dictionaries of biography.

b) The association of the place with events, persons, or ideas of importance in New Zealand history.

Events: The ferry supported the settlement of its immediate district, but more importantly, served as a link in the strategically important coastal route north from Wellington, which was the principal link until the introduction of a coach service in the 1870s and the railway at a later date. The ferry carried mail, passesngers, soldiers and freight until Easter 1897 when a 'storm of gigantic proportions' generated a flood which swept down the Rangitikei River to totally destroy the ferry site and the Port of Rangitikei. The ferry was reinstated in approximately the same position and operated until sold in 1908. After that date the ferry served on the Whanganui River where it sank in 1975. The craft was salvaged in 1990, restored and put on display at the site of Scott's Ferry.

Persons:The ferry is associated with Thomas Scott (1816-1892) the ferryman. A former militiaman, Scott ran the ferry in conjunction with an accommodation house situated on the north bank of the river. Like many such people, he also carried out other activities, serving also as a trader, postmaster and contract mail-carrier and ship pilot. 'A man of strong physique and courage [who] distinguished himself by carrying despatches on foot between Wellington and Taranaki', according to the entry in the 1940 Dictionary of New Zealand Biography, Scott was also convicted of assault and sly grogging. Charlotte, his second wife, took over the ferry in 1892. The family operated it under local authority contract until 1907 when the subsidy was withdrawn. Neither the accommodation house nor the store survive, making the ferry site and barge the only potential tangile memorial to the Scott family.

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Additional informationopen/close

Construction Dates

Other
1897 -
Ferry site destroyed by flood

Relocation
1908 -
Barge moved to Perikino

Relocation
-
Barge moved to Wanganui

Relocation
1989 -
Barge moved near to Scott's Ferry site

Reconstruction
1990 -
Restoration of barge

Relocation
2004 -
February floods wash barge off site

Construction Details

Timber.

Completion Date

5th October 2001

Report Written By

Helen McCracken

Information Sources

Crawley, 1995

Judith Crawley, Submission to Historic Places Trust regarding Scott's Ferry, January 1995. See NZHPT 12023 073

Scholefield, 1940

G. H. Scholefield, A Dictionary of New Zealand Biography, Department of Internal Affairs, Wellington, 1940

Other Information

Please note that entry on the New Zealand Heritage List/Rarangi Korero identifies only the heritage values of the property concerned, and should not be construed as advice on the state of the property, or as a comment of its soundness or safety, including in regard to earthquake risk, safety in the event of fire, or insanitary conditions.