Ewelme Cottage

14 Ayr Street, Parnell, Auckland

  • Ewelme Cottage, Parnell Auckland.
    Copyright: Heritage New Zealand. Taken By: Grant Sheehan. Date: 9/08/2016.
  • Ewelme Cottage, Parnell Auckland.
    Copyright: Heritage New Zealand. Taken By: Grant Sheehan. Date: 9/08/2016.
  • Ewelme Cottage, Parnell Auckland.
    Copyright: Heritage New Zealand. Taken By: Chris Horwell. Date: 9/03/2018.
  • Ewelme Cottage, Parnell Auckland. Kitchen.
    Copyright: Heritage New Zealand. Taken By: Grant Sheehan. Date: 9/08/2016.
  • Ewelme Cottage, Parnell Auckland. Bedroom.
    Copyright: Heritage New Zealand. Taken By: Grant Sheehan. Date: 9/08/2016.
  • Ewelme Cottage, Parnell Auckland. 1867. Ewelme Cottage, the residence of Rev Vicesimus Lush in Ayr Street , Parnell Image courtesy of ‘Sir George Grey Special Collections, Auckland Libraries, Record ID# 4-3373 .
    Copyright: No Known Copyright Restrictions. Taken By: James D. Richardson.

List Entry Information

List Entry Status Listed List Entry Type Historic Place Category 1 Public Access Able to Visit
List Number 15 Date Entered 24th November 1983

Locationopen/close

City/District Council

Auckland Council (Auckland City Council)

Region

Auckland Council

Legal description

Lot 2 DP 39658 (CT NA1978/23), North Auckland Land District

Summaryopen/close

Ewelme Cottage is a well-preserved early colonial dwelling, linked with the Anglican community in the Auckland region. Originally constructed in 1863-1864, the timber house was commissioned by the Reverend Vicesimus Lush (1817-1882), when he was the vicar of nearby Howick. Located close to the prominent Anglican community in Parnell, the house enabled Lush's sons to attend the Church of England grammar school while he was attended to his pastoral duties. Lush was frequently away on extended absences, particularly after being appointed 'Visiting Clergyman to the Inner Waikato' in 1865. Parnell was the seat of the Anglican Bishop of New Zealand, maintaining a separate identity and borough administration from the nearby settlement at Auckland. Lush's wife Blanche (1819-1912) and children continued to live in the building until 1871, joining Lush three years after he had taken up a position as Vicar of Thames.

The groundplan of the one and a half-storey cottage was determined by Lush himself, possibly prepared in conjunction with an architect before emigrating from England in 1850. It contained five rooms within the main body of the house, with a further two rooms - possibly a scullery and woodshed - in connected lean-tos at its service end. Although externally of near-symmetrical Georgian appearance, it was unusual in having its ground floor rooms laid out progressively along the axial length of the building rather than having a conventional front and back. This harks back to the arrangement of medieval British dwellings, suggesting that it was influenced by aspects of Ecclesiological thought prevalent in mid nineteenth-century England, which sought to incorporate aspects of medieval architecture into contemporary building forms. The building was modified in 1865, extended about 1871 and altered more extensively in 1882-1883. At the time of his death, Lush was Archdeacon of Waikato, and the latter alterations were made on Blanche's return to the house. The dwelling has been little altered since that time, retaining a remarkably large amount of its nineteenth-century interiors and furnishings. The building and its grounds were purchased from the Lush family by the Auckland City Council in 1969, and are managed by the New Zealand Historic Places Trust/Pouhere Taonga.

Ewelme Cottage is significant for its links with the Anglican church in New Zealand, and the domestic arrangements of its early clerics. Its design may reflect aspects of nineteenth-century religious belief and is unusual in its layout. The building provides valuable information on colonial building materials and techniques, and changing attitudes to house design in the later nineteenth century. It is of exceptional importance for its well-preserved nineteenth-century interiors and furnishings, illuminating our knowledge of middle-class domestic life. Its value is enhanced through its long association with a well-known clerical family, whose daily lives are familiar from their diaries and other writings. The building is significant for being part of a broader historical and archaeological landscape, which includes its well-preserved nineteenth-century gardens. Its value is further enhanced by its proximity to other historic buildings that were used or owned by the colonial Anglican community in Parnell. The building is of high educational value as a major heritage venue for visitors, and is held in high public esteem.

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Additional informationopen/close

Notable Features

Registration covers the building, its fixtures and finishes. The building is associated with nineteenth-century archaeological deposits, and gardens originally planted at a similar date. A nineteenth-century outhouse lies to the west of the dwelling.

Construction Dates

Original Construction
1863 - 1864

Modification
1865 -
House enlarged by enclosing parts of verandah

Addition
1871 -
Rear kitchen, attic room and possibly a ground floor bedroom

Addition
1882 - 1883
New kitchen, dining room and other alterations

Modification
1970 - 1971
Modifications during conservation work

Completion Date

21st August 2001

Report Written By

Martin Jones

Information Sources

Porter, 1983 (2)

Frances Porter (ed.), Historic Buildings of New Zealand: North Island (2nd edn.), Auckland, 1983

p.92

Conservation Plan

Conservation Plan

Salmond Architects, 'Ewelme Cottage, Auckland: A Conservation Plan', Auckland, 1997

Other Information

Please note that entry on the New Zealand Heritage List/Rarangi Korero identifies only the heritage values of the property concerned, and should not be construed as advice on the state of the property, or as a comment of its soundness or safety, including in regard to earthquake risk, safety in the event of fire, or insanitary conditions.